Region characteristics

The Olomouc region is one of the 14 regions in the Czech Republic which is situated in the middle Moravia and partly in the northern Moravia. In terms of regional division it creates together with the Zlín region so called The Consistency Region NUTS II – Middle Moravia. The region is delimited by five districts territory.


The area of the Olomouc region is composed of 13 town counties with enhanced activity (Hranice, Jeseník, Konice, Lipník nad Bečvou, Litovel, Mohelnice, Olomouc, Prostějov, Přerov, Šternberk, Šumperk, Uničov, Zábřeh). Region’s residential town is Olomouc with c. 100.000 citizens. The Olomouc region has a 104 km long border with Poland.


Geographically is the region divided into north mountainous part with the Jeseníky mountains and southern part which is shaped by flatland Haná. The Olomouc region offers a wide range of natural and cultural attractions greatly visited by tourists. In the region centre there are good conditions for strategic services and industry progress, all over the region there are conditions also for tourist trade progress.


In terms of economy the Olomouc region is an industrial area with developed services. The economy in Olomouc, Přerov and Prostějov districts – so called business triangle – is relatively steady and developed. Jeseník district and northern part of Šumperk district belong due to its location and traffic availability to economically weaker districts and this situation then reflects on every economic indicator of the whole region. The Olomouc region acquired only 78.1% per capita out of the republic average GDP which is the second worst post among the regions.


In the southern part there is a well constructed road network. Motorway D1 connects the region centre – Olomouc with the capital city Prague which is almost 300 km far and to the north with Ostrava (70 km). Smaller region towns are connected with main roads R46, R35 and I/55. An important railway junction and a crossing of two international high-speed railway corridors are situated in Přerov, build-up of combination traffic is being considered. The region does not have a regional international airport for regular traffic yet but there is basic study about using the military airport in Přerov as an international airport available. More information at The closest international airport with regular air traffic is situated in Brno c. 75 km from Olomouc and in Ostrava c. 80 km far. The Ruzyně Airport in Prague is 310 km far from Olomouc.


The most significant academical educational institution in the region is Palacky University in Olomouc which has a great history. The university offers education at 7 faculties for c. 15 thousand students. The university runs also a Scientific Technical Park, its part is called Business incubator. There is a stable system of primary and secondary schools in the region. University education in the region is completed by a private university specialized in management – the Moravian University of Olomouc. Further is the offer of University Palacky humanities completed by affiliates of universities technical programmes in the region, e.g. Faculty of Mechanical Engineering of Technical University of Ostrava in Šumperk, Information Technology programme of Tomas Bata University Zlín in Přerov, private College of Logistics in Přerov and Textile Faculty in Prostějov.


Out of the economical segments in the region engineering is the strongest represented one. Among strong economical segments can be added also textile industry, agronomy and forestry. The fastest growing segment in the last few years is the electrotechnical industry. It is gaining greater importance, especially due to activity of new foreign investors. Textile and clothing industry belong together with engineering to the most spread segments, in Prostějov and mountain regions has a dominant position. Food industry (connected with agriculture basic industry) has a significant position especially in Haná regions. 48% of employment is created by industry and 6% by civil engineering. While employment rate in segments of industry and civil engineering is close to the national average, employment in agriculture is almost more by half higher than the average in the CR. The employment in services is 48%, i.e. almost one tenth lower than the average in the CR, nevertheless it has grown over 3% since 1995. Aside from personal services there is development especially in services for entrepreneurs and communication services too.